Extra-Curricular Sport Activity (ECSA) is a student-centered initiative where students voluntarily participate in various physical activities outside the regular curriculum. Objectives of ECSA align with the concept of Positive Youth Development (PYD), which is a strength-based approach to childhood and adolescent development based on the premise that all people have strengths and potential for positive change. Among the various PYD programs, sport-based programs have been shown to be an effective vehicle for youth development. Using PYD as a theoretical framework, the purpose of this study was to gain further understanding of the benefits of participating in ECSA, and to explore implementation strategies to enhance these benefits. A qualitative case study approach was used to explore the benefits and implementation strategies. Six students (aged from thirteen to fifteen), three physical education teachers, and a school supervisor were selected as key informants. Three methods of data gathering were employed in this study: observations and field notes, in-depth interviews, and school documents. Data were analyzed using inductive analysis. Through these procedures, five themes represented the benefits of participating in ECSA: (a) character development, (b) leadership development, (c) positive relationships with others, (d) a sense of enjoyment, and (e) opportunities for career exploration. To maximize the positive benefits of ECSA program, the following implementation strategies are recommended: (a) opportunities for autonomy, (b) debriefing as a key content, (c) a task-oriented climate rather than an ego-oriented climate, and (d) teacher modeling.
Daekyun Oh, Euichang Choi, Sue Sutherland
Published by Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance